Staff behavior creates the climate of the school, and a positive, welcoming, and inviting climate should be intentionally created and continuously maintained.
All student behaviors necessary for success need to be overtly and directly articulated and taught to mastery.
All students should have equal access to good instruction and behavior support, regardless of their skills and backgrounds.
Clarity of expectations and consistency of enforcement are essential for all common areas and school-wide policies.
Punitive and corrective techniques are necessary, but they have significant limitations. Misbehavior represents a teaching opportunity.
Everyone (even students who make poor choices) should be treated with respect.
From Safe and Civil Schools Foundations (Sprick, Booher, & Rich, 2014)
What is Foundations?
Foundations is a positive, proactive approach used to improve student behavior across all school settings. In USD 489, all four elementary schools, the middle school, and the high school have created a building level team, identified areas to improve, and have started implementing new policies and procedures. The goal is to create safe schools where all students interact respectfully and are engaged in their learning.
WHAT ARE CHAMPS AND DSC?
CHAMPS is a positive, proactive approach used to improve student behavior in the classroom. CHAMPS is the common term used for the strategies used in the elementary grades, and Discipline in the Secondary Classroom (DSC) is used in the secondary grades. Both are centered around the STOIC, which represents the 5 areas that we can influence to prevent inappropriate behavior.
CHAMPS/DSC WEEKLY TIPS
TIER II/III INTERVENTIONS
(CLICK THE INTERVENTION FOR AN EXPLANATION OF THE INTERVENTION AND RESOURCES RELATED TO THE INTERVENTION)
Below are various tools that can help monitor the effectiveness of behavior interventions. The Toolkit includes all tools in one, and individual tools are available below the Toolkit
Understanding Trauma’s Effects on Learning
Childhood Trauma and Positive Health: Learn about adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and how they can impact a child’s developing brain and are linked to high-risk behaviors, chronic diseases, and negative health outcomes in adulthood. (The Child and Adolescent Health Measurement Initiative, 2017)
How Trauma Is Changing Children’s Brains: Explore the latest research on the effects trauma has on young people’s brains, and learn strategies you can use to make your classroom feel safer. (NEA Today, 2016)
Responding to Trauma in Your Classroom: Examine the signs and causes of student trauma, and explore strategies for responding to and supporting students who are experiencing trauma. (Teaching Tolerance, 2016)
How Teachers Help Students Who’ve Survived Trauma: Read about how experiences with trauma impact student learning, and review several expert suggestions on ways that educators and schools can help. (The Atlantic, 2014)
Helping Kids Recover From Trauma: Discover how resilience can be fostered by supportive factors in schools, and read takeaways from research. (Edutopia, 2009)
Helping Students Who Have Experienced Trauma
Brains in Pain Cannot Learn: Learn three ways to calm the stress response in students affected by anxiety or depression. (Edutopia, 2016)
5 Ways to Help Students in Trauma: Read strategies and tips for creating a calming classroom environment that can help troubled students learn. (Edutopia, 2016)
Helping Students Who Have Experienced Trauma: Explore seven strategies you can use in your classroom to help support and empower students in trauma. (Edutopia, 2016)
How Not to Be a Mountain Troll: Take a look at four strategies that educators can use to build trust with students, especially vulnerable students who may have experienced abuse from adults. (ASCD’s Educational Leadership, 2015)
Emotional Recovery Begins With Teachers: Examine five RULER-based suggestions (recognizing, understanding, labeling, expressing, and regulating emotions) for helping adults and children cope with the aftermath of school violence or other experiences with trauma. (Yale Center for Emotional Intelligence)
Activities to Help Students Cope With Traumatic Experiences: Discover games, videos, and other activities to help children endure traumatic experiences. (Sesame Street in Communities)
School-Wide Approaches to Addressing Trauma
Trauma-Informed Practices Benefit All Students: Learn how utilizing school-wide trauma-informed practices can benefit the entire school community, including helping all students learn coping skills and self-efficacy. (Edutopia, 2017)
How Schools Are Helping Traumatized Students Learn Again: Discover best practices, strategies, and tips your school can employ to foster safe, calming, and supportive learning spaces. (NEA Today, 2016)
Student Trauma: How School Leaders Can Respond: Explore the latest proven strategies that can help your school make a difference in the lives of students. This guide includes a rich collection of additional resources. (Education Week, 2016)
It’s Not What’s Wrong With the Children, It’s What’s Happened to Them: Find a list of school-based alternatives to zero-tolerance policies that can help nurture resilience in youths who have experienced adversity. (Edutopia, 2015)
A Guide to Creating Trauma-Sensitive Schools: Understand the causes of trauma, discover how trauma manifests in schools, and learn about a framework that can help educators develop trauma-sensitive schools. (Trauma and Learning Policy Initiative/Massachusetts Advocates for Children, 2013)
Strategies for Coping With Violence and Disaster
Helping Students Cope in a Violent World: Explore 10 useful and practical strategies for discussing violence in the classroom, fostering student coping skills, and helping students make sense of violence. (Edutopia, 2016)
Tips for Resilience in the Face of Horror: Learn how educators and parents can help protect children and themselves from the effects of vicarious trauma. The linked article “Resources for Helping Children Cope with Trauma” is also worth reading. (Greater Good, 2013)
Talking to Your Children About Tragedy: Watch a video that describes relevant principles parents can consider in relation to young children and personal or family reactions to traumatic events. Though the introduction to the video is focused on Boston, the principles discussed can be applied to a wide variety of situations. (Bright Horizons, 2013)
Mister Rogers Talks to Children & Adults About Violence: Watch a special 1981 episode featuring Fred Rogers speaking about how to cope with violence in the world—his advice is still relevant today. (The Fred Rogers Company, 2015)
Supporting Grieving Students
Reaching Students With Emotional Disturbances: Learn the latest tips and strategies for supporting students who are grieving or have experienced emotional trauma. (Edutopia, 2017)
7 Ways to Calm a Young Brain in Trauma: Discover concrete ways you can support your youngest learners and offer guidance through emotional trauma. (Edutopia, 2017)
Supporting Grieving Students: Explore guidance and resources to help with the difficult task of reaching out to grieving students. (Edutopia, 2015)
5 Tips for Supporting Grieving Students: Consider printing out these five tips as a reference to help support students who are coping with the death of a friend or family member. (Edutopia, 2013)
This list is from Matt Davis’s compilation on edutopia.org. https://www.edutopia.org/article/helping-students-trauma-tragedy-grief-resources